Lake Superior belongs to the Great Lakes of North America which spreads 750 miles from east to west of the continent. It forms the largest freshwater system on the planet. In all of the five Great Lakes, Lake Superior stands as the biggest and widest lake of all. With a total water surface of 82,000 sq km or 31,700 sq mi and an average depth of 147 meters or 483 feet, many sea vessels succumb to its ever-changing currents. Its reputation even earned a song entitled “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald” (1976, Moose Music, Ltd.) that goes:
The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald
“The lake it is said never gives up her dead
when the skies of November turn gloomy
With a load of iron ore 26,000 tons more
than the Edmund Fitzgerald weighed empty….”
“The ship was the pride of the American side
comin’ back from some mill in Wisconsin
As the big freighters go it was bigger than most…”
The song was a tribute to the world famous SS Edmund Fitzgerald and the men who lost their lives from the sinking.
How the SS Edmund Fitzgerald was Used
For nearly two decades, the Fitzgerald transported taconite iron ore from the mines in Duluth, Minnesota to the iron industry of Detroit, Michigan. The ship weighted 13,632 tons and measuring 729 feet long, making it as the largest carrier ever sailed on the Great Lakes until 1971. She often sailed and braved the Great Lakes setting seasonal haul records of six times and has a reputation for breaking her previous record. Fitzgerald became the first ship to traverse the Great Lakes carrying more than a million tons of ore passing through the Soo Locks in 1964.
Back in her prime days, the Fitzgerald was named as the “The Pride of the American Flag.”
Sinking of the SS Edmund Fitzgerald
On November 10, 1975, the country saw the worst shipping disaster on the Great Lakes when the SS Edmund Fitzgerald sank in Lake Superior. A severe storm took the lives of all 29 crew on board the veteran sea vessel.
SS Edmund Fitzgerald embarked on her ill-fated voyage from Superior, Wisconsin. She was carrying an approximate load of 26,000 tons of ore bound to Detroit, Michigan. Seasoned sailor with 44 years of experience, Captain Ernest M. McSorley contacted another sea vessel SS Arthur M. Anderson en route to Detroit.
Before leaving the port, a storm was starting to form but reported only as a typical November storm. However, about 2:00 am the NWS upgraded the gale warning to storm warning. The veteran captain decided to take the safer route to avoid treacherous waves of the storm. Even though the route northward would take them to a safer path, the two ships were caught in a severe storm with waves recorded at 35 feet high.
Fitzgerald sank 530 feet or 160m deep in the Canadian waters about 17 miles near the twin cities of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan and Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. On a perfect day, Fitzgerald could have covered the distance in less than two hours on her top speed.
Even with stories like this, there is much more to love and enjoy about the Great Lakes. Celebrate these beautiful waters with a Great Lakes Girl Hoodie.
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Planning to go skiing in Colorado? While we deserve to indulge every once in a while, we might think twice when we imagine the potential total bill of our next escapade. Let’s face it: we all need a vacation, but we still have bills to pay.
The great thing about planning ahead on our next trip is that you have a chance to check on the best deals. These deals can save you as much money as you can without sacrificing the fun. That’s right, get all the ski adventure in Colorado that you need without breaking the bank!
So, how can you get these deals?
Get your tickets online
Already know when, where, and how long you will be skiing? Then it’s time to get your tickets! Booking your ski resort in advance gives you a chance to get discounts. You can check on online booking websites or on your chosen resort’s websites for the deals they offer. You’ll save some money and reserve your spot on their resort. All that’s left is packing and heading up to your destination.
Get a Pass
Planning to go skiing more often this year? Get a season pass that’s right for you. These season pass will get you access to Colorado’s ski resorts all season.
Want to hit up as many resorts you can in Colorado? The Rocky Mountain Super Pass Plus may be the season pass for you! Ski and ride all you want in Winter Park Resort, Copper Mountain, and Eldora Mountain. You also get 6 days access to Steamboat, and 3 days access to Crested Butte.
The Epic Pass can get you unlimited skiing to many resorts all across the country, including Breckenridge, Keystone, Beaver Creek, Vail, and Arapahoe Basin. Visit their websites to get more information.
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Take a Trip to the Gems
The Colorado gems are the smaller ski resorts in Colorado that will get you all the fun, but without the crowd. Getting the Colorado Gems Card grants you a discount on all the Colorado Gems resorts. That’s up to 30% off on Arapahoe Basin, Echo Mountain, Eldora, Hesperus, Loveland, Monarch Mountain, Powderhorn, Ski Cooper, Ski Granby Ranch, and Sunlight.
Get your Tickets in 4
If you plan on skiing for 4 days this season, getting a 4-day pass on selected resorts can give you big savings. Resorts that have 4-day passes include Copper Mountain, Aspen, Winter Park Resort, and Arapahoe Basin. If 4 days is not enough, you can check out these resorts’ websites to see what other offers they have in store.
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Check out the Latest Promos
During the ski season, you can bet that many major stores and corporation have promos to cater to skiing enthusiasts. Go online, check social media, and you’ll find other stores and businesses that sponsor discounts for ski and lift tickets.
However you want to spend your skiing trip, you’ll find a deal that is best suited to your plans. The earlier you start looking, the more chances you’ll get the best deals for your next adventure.
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Lake Superior is the biggest of all Great Lakes in the entire North and South America. Because of the vastness of land of the lake, it is difficult to trace the pre-contact history of Lake Superior. There is a handful of information about its history and even rarer archaeological sites. Only three prehistoric sites existed along this Great Lake. The early history of the lake is only based on what is known from regions of Canada and Wisconsin.
Historic Events Along Lake Superior’s Shores
Most people can agree on several historic events along the shorelines of Lake Superior.
Around 8000 B.C. a time where the Wisconsin glaciers melted, Archaic Indian people settled in the shorelines of this Great Lake. The next known settlers arrived about 500 B.C. and trading goods and metal wares in other parts of the country. Archaeologists found mysterious circular stone structures known as “Pukaskwa pits” along the eastern shores of Lake Superior. These unique stone features are believed to build by the native people around 1100 and 1600.
The Ojibwe tribe inhabited Lake Superior region for more than 500 years and soon after followed by Dakota, Fox, Menominee, Nipigon, Noquet and Gros Ventres. They all referred to Lake Superior as Ojibwe Gichigami meaning “the Ojibwe’s Great Sea”.
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Exploration and Fur Trade
During the boom of the fur trade worldwide, French explorers traverse Lake Superior for the first time in the mid-1600s. The first European to set eyes on Lake Superior is no other than Etienne Brule in 1620. The arrival of French explorers in Lake Superior marks the landing of the Mayflower at Plymouth on that same year.
Soon after the French established their fur posts in Grand Portage and in Duluth which became a major trading center. The French were also liable in mapping the Midwest. When they reached the northern part of the Mississippi River, they claimed the area as a territory for King Louis the XIV.
Brule was an indentured sailor, and wilderness guide to the Great Lakes and Georgian Bay. He was an astute interpreter and mineral finder. Some believed he may have traveled as far as the west region of Isle Royale.
Even as an explorer the life of Etienne Brule remains a mystery. He was born in 1591 in Champigny-sur-Marne near Paris. Many believed he was on onboard the Samuel de Champlain in 1608 that traveled to Quebec and was the first foreigner to see and give an oral description of Ottawa Valley, Georgian Bay, Pennsylvania and the other four of the Great Lakes.
He was a scout, pathfinder who eventually becomes an interpreter or truchemnet between the French and the Amerindian allies. Brule also played an essential role in scouting ahead of the journeys of Samuel de Champlain, Gabriel Sagard, Jean Nicolet, Nicolas Perrot and other Europeans who traversed the Great Lakes.
Unfortunately, he left no written records of his explorations. He was known only to the writings of Samuel de Champlain, Gabriel Sagard, and Jean de Brébeuf. Nevertheless, Brule becomes a mineral finder, language instructor, and adopted a member of the Huron Bear clan before he was murder in his late 30s.
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Planning ahead for your next ski trip has its advantages. You can save up for the trip, you can list down what you want to do, you’ll avoid leaving something behind due to last-minute packing, and you can check all the great deals.
Colorado is a popular choice for snow sports enthusiasts. With so many mountains and resorts to choose from, visiting Colorado for your next ski trip is definitely a great idea. If you want to get the most out of your money, here are some ski pass deals that you can get for your next trip.
Rocky Mountain Super Pass Plus
Get access to 5 mountain resorts in Colorado in one pass! The Rocky Mountain Super Pass Plus gives you unlimited access to Winter Park Resort, Copper Mountain, and Eldora Mountain Resort. You also get 6 days access to Steamboat and 3 days to Crested Butte. Thinking of trying out other places? This pass will also grant you 3 days access each to Mt. Bachelor in Oregon and Alyeska Resort in Alaska. You even get passes to resorts in Japan, New Zealand, and Iceland. All of that for $999. This pass also honors discounts for children, teens, seniors, military, and college students.
To purchase and get more details about this pass, go to https://www.skicolorado.com.
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Want to gain access to more of Colorado’s popular ski resorts? Epic Pass has you covered. Whether you plan to go skiing for only 4 days or you want to be able to return as much as you want for the year, there’s an Epic Pass for you. An Epic Pass can get you access to Vail, Beaver Creek, Breckenridge, Keystone and Arapahoe Basin. The passes can also get you access to many more resorts all across the country and even overseas.
To purchase and get more details about this pass, go to https://www.epicpass.com.
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Peak Pass Plus
Get unlimited lift access to Crested Butte Mountain Resort and more discounts with the Peak Pass Plus. You’ll also get 3 days access each to Monarch Mountain, Steamboat Resort, Purgatory Resort, Ski Cooper and Powder Alliance Ski Areas. For Loveland Ski Area and Powderhorn Resort, you’ll get three days access to each at half the price. Lastly, enjoy three combined days at Copper Mountain and Winter Park Resort. You can either choose to spend three full days at either of these two resorts or split the days between the two. All of these for $1,479.
To purchase and get more details about this pass, go to http://www.skicb.com.
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The Copper Pass
Copper Mountain Resort is one of the most popular destinations for skiing in Colorado. With the Copper Pass, you’ll get unlimited skiing and rides in Copper Mountain. The pass also includes 3 days each at Purgatory Resort and Monarch Mountain. You’ll also get 3 days of skiing at Taos Ski Valley in New Mexico. Get these for $599. Discounts for minors, college students and seniors may be applied.
To purchase and get more details about this pass, go to www.coppercolorado.com.
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After all the stress of college, it’s great to visit snowboarding resorts in Colorado with some friends to have some fun. You can soak in the breathtaking views and enjoy thrilling winter sports. But many of us would think twice about spending so much money on a vacation, especially with bills and the school projects to pay for. It’s a good thing that many of Colorado’s best resorts offer discounts to students!
There are numerous mountain resorts in Colorado to choose from. All of them offer a great time, whether you’re with your family or friends. Here are some of the best resorts in Colorado that offer great deals for college students.
Winter Park Resort
Just two hours away from Denver is the Winter Park Resort, located in the Rocky Mountains. Other than senior discounts and military discounts, Winter Park Resort offers college student discounts with proper student IDs. You can get a discount of more than $100! They also have the Winter Park Express for those who don’t want to navigate all the way up the mountain.
Need to get your blood pumping? Winter Park Resort has plenty of exciting activities to choose from. From snowboarding, skiing, and tubing, they have it! Winter Park Resort is also included in the Rocky Mountain College Super Pass Plus that gives the best deal for students who want to go mountain hopping.
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Sunlight Mountain Resort
Snowboarding is thrilling and fun. But after you’ve tried all the adrenaline-pumping activities, it’s nice to soak and relax in a natural hot spring. Sunlight Mountain Resort got this covered. Their Slope & Soak 4-Pack gives you a day to ski and snowboarding, plus access to their luxury natural hot springs. For college students bringing their student IDs, you can get up to $100 discount on their season passes. Bring in your buddies to go on an adventure, then relax your muscles in their hot springs after a day of fun.
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Copper Mountain Resort
With exciting adventures waiting both outdoors and indoors, Copper Mountain Resort is another go-to for vacationers. Copper Mountain Resort is one of the favorite destinations of both locals and tourists. Their Woodward Copper Barn is an indoor facility with trampolines, indoor ski and snowboarding, and foam pit jumps. Copper Mountain has 2,465 acres of terrain that provide a great snowboarding fun for both beginners and experts. By providing student ID, you can get up to $110 off on their season passes.
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Multi-Resort College Student Deals
Other than separate discounts on resort passes, college students can enjoy passes to multiple resorts using one deal. Students can save up to $140 off while gaining access to many of Colorado’s best resorts. Resorts included in the packages include Winter Park Resort and Copper Mountain Resort.
The college life is hard. But as they say, work hard and party hard. When you need to take a break from classes and projects, it’s great to know that you can still save while having the time of your life. And if you want to look good while doing so and show off your love for all things Colorado, check out the LIVNFRESH line of Colorado Clothes and Accessories.
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In this article, we will be discussing many basic facts about Lake Erie that will help you during research. Here, we will answer some of the fundamental questions you may have, including things like what states border Lake Erie and a variety of other trivia about this Great Lake. Let’s start.
How Many States Border Lake Erie?
There are four U.S. states that surround Lake Erie. These states are New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Ohio. The Canadian province of Ontario is also near Lake Erie.
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